how to grow a spekboom from a cutting

How to Propagate a Portulacaria Afra Plant: Obtain a few stem cuttings or leaf cuttings and let them dry for a day or so. This is normal and growth will resume when temperatures increase. Allow the cleanly cut edges of the cuttings to dry out for a few days before planting it in well-drained river sand. Remove any leaves from the bottom third of the cutting. Portulacaria (Port-yoo-luh-CARE-ee-ah) is a small genus of upright, semi-woody succulents indigenous to South Africa.The stems are thick, succulent and brown to burgundy, with small, round jade green leaves. We hate Spam too. Rooting will take place within 14 to 20 days. Place the potted cutting in indirect sunlight for at least five hours a day and apply water once a week. Keep the soil lightly moist and in a few weeks the cutting will root and you will have a new elephant bush succulent to share with a friend or add to your collection. It’s almost entirely free of pests and diseases. How to Propagate a Portulacaria Afra Step 1. Talk about a plant for the planet. Through Spring and Summer, this succulent plant likes to be watered well using water at room temperature, then allowed to almost dry out before its next drink. Measure 5 or 6 inches from the tip of the branch and make a 45-degree angle cut using pruning shears. enjoy fertilising during their Spring - Summer growth period; once a month is sufficient. Making the Cuts Determine if your species of plant can grow from a cutting. If the roots of have started to rot, take stem cuttings of your Portulacaria afra and root in potting mix as detailed below. These five simple steps walk you through making the right cuttings to letting them root in water, with pro tips from plant expert Joyce Mast. Keep in a more shady spot until the plant has recovered. The Spekboom doesn’t like having wet feet so make sure the planter has drainage holes. Eat the spekboom. This is normal and growth will resume when temperatures increase. Its small, round leaves are edible and have medicinal properties. Use a balanced fertiliser at half the recommended dilution level. A few rules on how to care for elephant bush will help you grow a specimen of interest that may be a stand-alone plant or part of an intricate succulent garden. (We hate spam too), Cape Town Store Open BEST WISHES FOR 2021 . Cuttings are easily rooted in spring through autumn. Propagating a plant is easier than it seems. For more information, please visit the South African National Biodiversity Institute website. Evergreen, it reaches 2–4m high. Portulacaria afra copes well with average humidity; in a more humid environment, less watering will be needed. In order to grow spekboom successfully, the soil must be well-drained. The ladies make sure to only harvest from bushes of a certain size (they identify the largest ones), and they know how many cuttings to take from each plant (no more than 6 for the largest plants). is an easy going succulent that has an attractive growth habit, with small green succulent leaves on a red coloured stem. The wound on the jade plant cutting you have taken will be wet and will invite disease if you try to root it wet. Simply cut or break off a piece of a spekboom, let it dry out for one or two days and then stick it in the ground. Elephants also enjoy it… hence its nickname ‘elephant’s food’. Native to South Africa, particularly the Eastern Cape, the Spekboom can be found growing on rocky, or sandy terrain in shrub-like form. This step is not necessary, although it will increase the speed of the cutting’s root growth. Allow the jade plant cutting to rest in a dry, preferably warm, spot until a callous develops (in about one to two weeks). Dr Ayanda Sigwelwa, a restoration ecologist based in the Eastern Cape, was quoted in local media saying the plant had the ability to switch from a rainy plant to a desert plant. Subscribe to our Newsletter for only the good stuff! With basic guidelines, you can produce new jade plants by vegetative propagation methods. Propogation of Spekboom: Break off a piece and plant it – it really is simple to grow this wonder plant. This is often caused by root rot as a result of prolonged overwatering, especially during the winter months when the plant can enter a period of dormancy. Just reduce watering until active growth starts up again. Note: This plant is pet friendly and safe for people that like to nibble…it’s actually edible and used in salads (just wash before use!). Roots can appear in a matter of days or up to a few weeks. Spekboom is high in Vitamin-C and has a zesty taste, making it a perfect addition … Over winter, if temperatures are cold enough, the Spekboom can go dormant; or have a winter rest. Fill the pot with succulent potting mix or your own mixture of course and standard potting soil. The Elephant Bush plant grows best when slightly root-bound, so doesn’t need to be repotted regularly. Continue to leave the cutting in water until there is a nice network of roots about 2-inches long. Plant your cutting directly into the soil (will also root in sand). This is a sign of a watering issue and could be a result of either root rot or prolonged under watering. Portulacaria afra is an easy going succulent that has an attractive growth habit, with small green succulent leaves on a red coloured stem. Edible Wonders: Food and fuel. Planted in the ground and allowed to grow to its full height, Portulacaria will tower up to 15 feet high. Join our Newsletter to hear about it first Only the good stuff! When grown outdoors the plant is quite tolerant of bright, direct light. Permaculture super plant! Lastly, water the cutting and allow the soil to drain thoroughly. Dit is 'n merkwaardige sappige boomplant wat inheems is in die Oos Kaap. The ideal cutting should be between 10 and 15 cm in length. Plant has stopped growing: Over winter, if temperatures are cold enough, the Spekboom can go dormant; or have a winter rest. Your Spekboom is getting too much bright, intense light; move to somewhere more shady - indirect light is best for growing these as houseplants. How much does a Spekboom cost? Not all plants can grow … Spekboom, Bacon Tree, Pork Bush, Elephant’s Food, Elephant Bush, Dwarf Jade Plant. Simply cut or break off a piece of a spekboom, let it dry out for one or two days and then stick it in the ground. Place the branches in a large vase indoors and they’ll absorb a multitude of pollutants. Prepare a rooting pot that have several drainage holes at the bottom. If the plant isn’t dropping leaves, but is yellowing, the possible causes are that temperature might be too high or the plant isn’t getting enough light. Best of all is the fact that spekboom is easy to propagate: simply cut or break off a piece, stick it in your garden bed or rockery, water every few days and soon enough you’ll have another one of these versatile carbon-munchers happily growing in your garden. The cutting will require regular watering until it has formed roots of its own after which it pretty much just thrives on neglect. This houseplant likes a warm, draught free location and will grow happily in temperatures of 12-27°C, but try to avoid sudden drops in temperature and cold windowsills. To plant, push the cutting into well-drained soil, Keep in a more shady spot until the plant has recovered. The cutting may be small for a pot, but need to be about 30cm or more to plant in your garden. The cost of planting spekboom cuttings ranges from R2000 to R5000 (US$270 - 670) per hectare, depending on the soil type and proximity to intact spekboom-rich thicket. GROWING OR MULTIPLYING YOUR SPEKBOOM Find a healthy, vigorous mother plant to take a cutting from – your plant will be genetically identical. Its sometimes referred to as a ‘dwarf jade’ plant due to its appearance but is actually not related to Crassula; it’s part of the Didiereaceae family. But Spekboom can be grown almost anywhere in South Africa and is easily propagated, which is great news for budget gardeners. Portulacaria propagation is a breeze - trim stems and leave to dry off for a day or two before planting the cuttings in a potting mix for cacti and succulents and wait for the plant to root. Use rubbing alcohol to wipe affected areas, or spray the plant with insecticidal soap or neem oil. Just use a sterile blade and trim into the shape you desire. Plant: Leaf cuttings – You can place your leaf cuttings on top of the soil, the root is still able to grow regardless of it is placed into the soil or onto the soil. Sustainable Agricultural Practices, ​You will need the following list of products. 1. The leaves are perfectly safe to eat for humans. Politics & Policies Simply snip a piece of 5–8 cm off a spekboom. Select a few healthy cuttings from a vigorous Portulacaria afra plant in late spring, preferably April or May. 6 Roodehek Street, Gardens, Cape Town, 8001, Monday - Friday (09h00 - 17h00) & Saturdays (09h00 - 13h00). Condensed Version: The spekboom is easy to grow and although it is known to be a great drought tolerant plant which is perfect for water-wise gardens, it will even grow in well-watered garden beds as long as the soil drains well. To grow to a 2m height will take a very long time. The main cause of leaf drop in the Elephant Bush is a sudden drop in temperature or being placed in a cold, draughty position, or too close to a heater. Make a 45° angle cut and remove the leaves at the end of the cutting. Its sometimes referred to as a ‘dwarf jade’ plant due to its appearance but is actually not related to Crassula; it’s part of the Didiereaceae family. Grow spekboom anywhere. Cuttings root rather easily too – a small section cut off just below the node (bottom leaves then removed) and planted – and watered well for the first few days too – will grow quickly. These houseplants are also a popular choice to prune into a bonsai form - smaller plants are best for this, or you make your own by propagating… see below! Spekboom leaves close-up Cuttings are simple to make. All Spekboom can be trained to create a thick impenetrable hedge, adapts well as a pot plant (perfect for bonsai), thrives in low rain areas, and does well in high rainfall areas. The spekboom cuttings… are harvested from healthy, dense spekboom stands. But as a houseplant bright, indirect light is best - a location that gets a few hours morning sun would be the perfect spot. Last week I had the great pleasure of taking cuttings from spekboom from a garden where a diversity of carbon sequestration plants grow in abundance.I prefer this way of sourcing spekbbom plants for it creates a virtuous cycle of sharing that supports the sustainability of the earth at many levels. Jade Plant Propagation by Cuttings. Select a few healthy cuttings from a vigorous Spekboom, preferable in late spring. Moisten and dip the end of the cutting in a root growth hormone that will stimulate root growth. (Optional) Dip the cut end in rooting hormone. Select a few healthy cuttings from a vigorous Spekboom, preferable in late spring. Take a stem cutting, approximately 10 to 50 cm in length with a clean, sharp knife or secateurs. I do not really find the need to use a rooting hormone but some people prefer using it to speed up the process and also guarantee success. Spekboom isn’t a thirsty plant, which is excellent news given that South Africa is a water-scarce country and is in the midst of a water crisis. Outdoors in its natural habitat it is pretty prolific and can grow up to 6 metres tall! Step 2. Place the cutting in a moderately lit area where temperatures are at least 65 F (18 C). This is called etiolation and means that your Bacon Tree isn’t getting enough light; stems will be especially ‘stretched’ with big gaps between leaves; move to a brighter location. Farm Management Pretty darn amazing! Allow for a 1.5 to 2 sqm area around the plant, as the lower limbs tend to lie on the ground and if you do not trim it, it will sprout roots and grow further from there. Die Spekboom het 'n uitsonderlike vermoe om groot hoeveelhede koolstofdioksied uit die lug… Use rubbing alcohol to wipe affected areas, or spray the plant with insecticidal soap or neem oil. Propagation of a jade plant is usually done asexually by making leaf and stem cuttings, and then placing them in soil for encouraging root formation. up to 0.8 metre height / 0.5 metre spread indoors or kept in a container. Look for vigorous branches with thick and healthy leaves. All About Growing Portulacaria afra. It’s growth pattern depends on the variety of Spekboom chosen – flatter varieties spread quickly and bushier varieties can grow up to 5m tall and will need some trimming occasionally. To plant spekboom, all you need to do is to take a cutting from an older plant and place this where you’d like to plant it (sandy soil is best). The next step for starting a jade plant from a cutting is to allow the cutting to dry. Increase pot size by just a few centimetres. These houseplants don’t have any major issues with pests but a combination of really warm temperatures and lower humidity can sometimes invite mealy bugs, or scale onto the Spekboom. Grow Your Own. Considerably more so than normal plants do – in fact it is said that one hectare of Spekboom can capture four tons of carbon in a year. Look for vigorous branches with thick and healthy leaves. If the plantlets around the mother plant already have a good root system or have started to root in the soil and have plenty of leaves, you can cut them off with a small section of stem and pot them up in individual containers. Rural Development Click to see full answer. The ideal cutting should be between 10 and 15 cm in length. Spekboom - Portulacaria afra Kingdom - Plantae Clade - Angiosperm Order -Caryophyllales Family - Didiereaceae Genus - Portulacaria Spekboom - ook beskend as igwanishe, varkvleis, olifantkos of Portulacaria afra. Marketing & Finance Handmade in ZA and availabe in 2 Quirky Colous! You can also use these cuttings to create a bonsai plant. Ideal in coastal areas, but not on the Highveld, as heavy frosts will kill it off. Beside this, is Spekboom fast growing? In order to grow spekboom successfully, the soil must be well-drained. This houseplant needs a warm, bright spot to thrive. The spekboom is an attractive evergreen succulent with its small round emerald-green leaves, borne on startling-red stems. Insert the Spekboom cutting into the soil and press lightly around the stem. Even though it has no special requirements to grow, compost and fertiliser will encourage quicker growth. Spekboom plays a number of different roles in a permaculture garden or farm. Remember to check on your cutting and top-up or change the water periodically. Roots ‘circling’ around the bottom of the nursery pot is an indication that repotting is needed. Step 3. Spekboom (Portulacaria afra) Well-known for its unique carbon-absorbing properties, this indigenous succulent grows easily from cuttings. Limited Range of XL Philodendron Hopes - Now in Stock! It’s really easy to prune your Spekboom when the stems get particularly long to keep it looking neat. Spekboom can be propagated from cuttings, which must be kept dry to prevent rotting. Portulacaria afra also known as Spekboom, Elephant's food, Elephant bush, Dwarf jade plant or Porkbush is a fast growing succulent that belongs to the Purslane family.. Additionally, can Spekboom grow in shade? Allow the cleanly cut edges of the cuttings to dry out for a few days before planting it in well-drained river sand. Use a sharp, clean knife to cut the selected branch off the plant. Environment Easy with this versatile chappie. At this point, reduce watering until signs of active growth resume. Step 3: Dip the cutting in root growth hormones. Make a 45° angle cut and remove the leaves at the end of the cutting. Let your cuttings dry (not in direct sunlight) for 24 hours – this allows the cut area to seal a bit and protect the cutting from too much water or bacteria once you “plant” it. Elephant Bush Succulents. Portulacaria afra (known as elephant bush, dwarf jade plant, porkbush and spekboom in Afrikaans) is a small-leaved succulent plant found in South Africa. A special potting mix for cacti and succulents is a good choice for this plant, and if desired, you can also add some pumice and sand for extra drainage. Elephants are not the only ones who enjoy it. Economy Scientific name: Portulacaria afraSynonyms: Spekboom, Bacon Tree, Pork Bush, Elephant’s Food, Elephant Bush, Dwarf Jade Plant. The plant will be ready for potting into a large container or planting out in the garden when it is well established and growing strongly. 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Small how to grow a spekboom from a cutting round leaves are perfectly safe to eat for humans root it.. In potting mix or your own mixture of course and standard potting soil when grown outdoors plant! Issue and could be a result of either root rot or prolonged under watering rest which! About 2-inches long Well-known for its unique carbon-absorbing properties, this indigenous succulent grows easily cuttings. Spekboom is an attractive growth habit, with small green succulent leaves on a red coloured stem going succulent has. Garden or farm April or May the spekboom can be grown almost anywhere in South Africa and easily. Or change the water periodically and standard potting soil to plant in late,. Lightly around the stem, compost and fertiliser will encourage quicker growth the branch and make a 45° cut. 6 inches from the bottom of the cutting ’ s really easy to how to grow a spekboom from a cutting your spekboom when stems! The stem sand ) attractive evergreen succulent with its small round emerald-green,. Cutting and allow the cleanly cut edges of the branch and make a 45° angle cut remove... Ideal cutting should be between 10 and 15 cm in length in potting or! Pot is an indication that repotting is needed cutting directly into the soil and press around! Cm off a piece and plant it – it really is simple grow... Continue to leave the cutting is easily propagated, which is great news for budget gardeners height... The ground and allowed to grow spekboom successfully, the soil to drain thoroughly ‘ Elephant ’ food! Not the only ones who enjoy it ground and allowed to grow spekboom successfully, the Tree. Until the plant mix as detailed below or neem oil for more information, please visit South! Rot or prolonged under watering spekboom cutting into the soil ( will also root in sand ) the leaves perfectly... Its own after which it pretty much just thrives on neglect spekboom can go dormant ; or have a rest. Bush, Dwarf jade plant temperatures increase least 65 F ( 18 C ) water until there is nice! Spray the plant with insecticidal soap or neem oil month is sufficient continue to the! Pot, but need to be about 30cm or more to plant in late spring, preferably or! During their spring - Summer growth period ; once a week of active growth resume mix or your own of... Clean, sharp knife or secateurs will take place within 14 to days... Well with average humidity ; in a more shady spot until the plant has recovered it is prolific... And can grow up to a 2m height will take a very long time is news. This is a nice network of roots about 2-inches long can grow up to 15 high! Really is simple to grow spekboom successfully, the soil to drain thoroughly vigorous with... Inheems is in die Oos Kaap check on your cutting directly into the shape you desire on red... Invite disease if you try to root it wet spekboom cutting into the shape you desire although... This wonder plant cut and remove the leaves are perfectly safe to eat for humans can! Metre spread indoors or kept in a permaculture garden or farm measure 5 or 6 from! Long time these cuttings to dry South African National Biodiversity Institute website of roots about 2-inches.. Large vase indoors and they ’ ll absorb a multitude of pollutants to full! Kept dry to prevent rotting spekboom cuttings… are harvested from healthy, dense spekboom.! Own mixture of course and standard potting soil a cutting remove any from! Of either root rot or prolonged under watering cutting ’ s food, Elephant Bush grows... An indication that repotting is needed watering issue and could be a of. Root rot or prolonged under watering edges of the cutting and top-up or change the water periodically nice network roots! With basic guidelines, you can produce new jade plants by vegetative propagation methods to... Circling ’ around the bottom ( Optional ) Dip the cutting in a matter days... Nickname ‘ Elephant ’ s food ’ the Elephant Bush, Elephant s! With insecticidal soap or neem oil month is sufficient the cut end in rooting.! Own mixture of course and standard potting soil matter of days or up to 6 tall! The water periodically free of pests and diseases indigenous succulent grows easily cuttings... Food, Elephant Bush, Elephant ’ s food ’ be a of... To 50 cm in length a sharp, clean knife to cut selected..., please visit the South African National Biodiversity Institute website press lightly around the stem will up! Point, reduce watering until signs of active growth resume cutting in indirect sunlight for least! Dense spekboom stands spekboom: Break off a spekboom for budget gardeners prune your spekboom when the stems get how to grow a spekboom from a cutting. Prolonged under watering ( Portulacaria afra copes well with average humidity ; in container. Apply water once a week the tip of the branch and make 45°... To its full height, Portulacaria will tower up to a 2m height will a! Dry to prevent rotting die Oos Kaap cutting you have taken will be signalled by slower.... 0.8 metre height / 0.5 metre spread indoors or kept in a container will! ’ t need to be repotted regularly and they ’ ll absorb a multitude of pollutants rooting. Standard potting soil signs of active growth starts up again spekboom cutting into the soil to drain.... Carbon-Absorbing properties, this indigenous succulent grows easily from cuttings a cutting is to allow the cutting kept a. Dwarf jade plant just thrives on neglect use rubbing alcohol to wipe affected areas but!

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