how did joseph smith die

Also, listen to the following Viewpoint on Mormonism podcasts: Your generous support makes the work of MRM possible. Alvin SMITH was born February 11, 1798, in Tunbridge, Vermont, and died November 19, 1823, in Manchester Township, New York, at the age of 25. Roberts also wrote the six-volume Comprehensive History of the Church, published in 1930. [37] Wills, Vorhease, Gallaher, and a Mr. Allen (possibly the fourth man) were all indicted for the murder of the Smith brothers. [5]:v7,p102, Most accounts seem to agree that at least three mob members were wounded by Smith's gunfire, but there is no other evidence that any of them died as a result. ", The Foundation for Apologetic Information & Research, "Chapter IX: The assault upon the prison - The murder of Joseph and Hyrum Smith", List of lynching victims in the United States, William "Froggie" James and Henry Salzner, Thomas Moss, Henry Stewart, Calvin McDowell (TN), Thomas Harold Thurmond and John M. Holmes, Henry Hezekiah Dee and Charles Eddie Moore, Association of Southern Women for the Prevention of Lynching, Emmett Till Unsolved Civil Rights Crime Act, The National Memorial for Peace and Justice, National Museum of African American History and Culture, "The United States of Lyncherdom" (Twain), Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies,, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2012, Articles needing additional references from June 2017, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 01:34. T. M. Davis, An Authentic Account of the Massacre of Joseph Smith, The Mormon Prophet and Hyrum Smith, His Brother, together with a brief history of the rise and progress of Mormonism, and all the circumstances which led to their death (St. Louis: Chambers and Knapp, 1844), 7-8, emphasis retained. No one has seen God the Father. To hear Mormons tell the story, Smith did no wrong; for others, he did no right. A public viewing was held on June 29, 1844, after which empty coffins weighted with sandbags were used at the public burial. In order to have this matter settled, Ford believed that Smith and the others who were originally charged should submit themselves to the constable at Carthage (David Bettisworth) and there await trial. Initially, the primary contenders to succeed Smith were Sidney Rigdon, Brigham Young, and James Strang. Religious services were still banned at the time of his death [because of the pandemic], and no public funeral was held. After briefly fleeing Illinois, Smith returned and the brothers then voluntarily traveled to the county seat at Carthage to face the charges. Hyrum Smith, the Assistant President of the Church, was intended to succeed Joseph as President of the Church,[43] but because he was killed with his brother, the proper succession procedure became unclear. It has been reported by some that this was taken as a sacrament. In response to the crisis, Illinois Governor Thomas Ford traveled to Hancock County, and on June 21, he arrived at the county seat in Carthage. On June 23, a posse under the command of Governor Ford entered Nauvoo to execute an arrest warrant, but they were unable to locate Smith. He cried out, "I am a dead man!" Joseph Smith, Sr., and Lucy Mack were married in 1796 at Tunbridge, Vermont. There is no escaping the fact that he was guilty of being involved with the destruction of the Expositor, and history has shown that many of the accusations made in the paper regarding Smith’s secret involvement with polygamy were accurate. B.H. Violent threats were made against Smith and the Mormon community. In their book, The Carthage Conspiracy, Dallin Oaks and Marvin Hill write that Smith didn’t kill anyone in the mob. The day was rainy, and Wheelock used the opportunity to hide a small pepper-box pistol in his bulky overcoat,[18] which had belonged to Taylor. There were no bars on this room, and the door was so warped that it would not latch. Jones, who was present, relayed to Governor Ford several threats against Smith made by members of the Carthage Greys, all of which were dismissed by Ford.[17]. On page 52, Oaks and Hill include the following: Wills, Voras, and Gallaher were probably named in the indictment because their wounds, which testimony showed were received at the jail, were irrefutable evidence that they had participated in the mob. When the family moved to upstate New York, he made the offer to leave home to find work, where he would be paid higher wages to help the family pay their debts and build a home. When I asked “Elder Salt” about the bloodstain, he pointed it out to me and explained that it was the “sacred blood of Hyrum,” Joseph Smith’s brother. [30] CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, running for president of the United States, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, Joseph Smith and the criminal justice system, Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, Learn how and when to remove this template message, The Church of Jesus Christ (Bickertonite), Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Strangite), "Carthage Conspiracy Reconsidered: A Second Look at the Murder of Joseph and Hyrum Smith", "The Prophet Joseph Smith and His Plural Wives", "Chapter XXI: The Destruction of the "Nauvoo Expositor"—Proceedings of the Nauvoo City Council and Mayor", "Arrest of Joseph and Hyrum Smith on a Charge of Treason--False Imprisonment--Elder Taylor's Protest--False Imprisonment", "On Being a Mormon Historian (And Its Aftermath)", "Physical Evidence at Carthage Jail and What It Reveals about the Assassination of Joseph and Hyrum Smith", "Joseph Smith's Brothers: Nauvoo and After", Foundation for Apologetic Information & Research, Carthage Conspiracy: The Trial of the Accused Assassins of Joseph Smith, "Correspondence between William R. Hamilton and Samuel H. B. Smith Regarding the Martyrdom of Joseph and Hyrum Smith", "Return to Carthage: Writing the History of Joseph Smith's Martyrdom", "Was Joseph Smith a Martyr or a Murderer? Was Smith making some kind of messianic statement and comparing his death to that of the Savior when he said he was being a lamb led to the slaughter? Joseph Smith married Emma Hale on 18 January 1827. On the afternoon of June 27th, the Smiths, Willard Richards, and John Taylor were in this latter “cell” when, in the words of John Taylor. When they arrived, the two checked into a local hotel but were later met by Constable Bettisworth, who placed them under arrest and escorted them to the local jail. Come on! The outstanding charges against him were for illegal sex crimes, financial crimes, and crimes of violence. When I visited the Carthage Jail again in June of 2002, “Sister Thorpe,” after speaking reverently of Joseph Smith, told the crowd that “he sacrificed his blood for us.” Two days earlier, a personal friend of mine visited the jail and was told by his tour guide that Carthage was the Mormon “Calvary.” In 1988, Ted Cannon, then director of the Mormon Visitor Centers at Carthage and Nauvoo, told reporter Doug Schorpp that Carthage “…holds the same significance…as Calvary holds for Christians all over the world” (Journal Star, Peoria, IL, Sunday, June 26, 1988 D3). [5]:v6,p430 Based on allegations by some of these associates, the newspaper reported that Smith practiced polygamy and that he tried to marry wives of some of his associates. They were led by William Law, a member of the First Presidency since 1841, Wilson Law, a brigadier general in the Legion, Austin Cowles, a member of the Nauvoo High Council, James Blakeslee, a prominent Seventy, and Robert D. Foster, Chauncey Higbee, and Charles Ivins, prominent businessmen. According to the testimony of John Taylor, Smith commented. They resolved to publish their views and to ‘expose’ the secret and abominable teachings of the Mormon hierarchy in an opposition newspaper, to be named The Nauvoo Expositor. Like most stories, the truth lies somewhere in the middle. "[8], Under the Council's new ordinance, Smith, as Nauvoo's mayor, in conjunction with the City Council, ordered the city marshal to destroy the Expositor and its press on June 10, 1844. When it was learned that the municipal court had no right to decide such a case, the defendants were then examined by Justice Daniel H. Wells. In a 1-star review of Mormonism 101 from an LDS reader on, the reviewer rebuts our criticism of Smith’s use of Isaiah 53:7. Joseph Smith died for “what he believed in” in the same way that Jeffery Epstein did. Smith declared martial law on June 18[11] and called out the Nauvoo Legion, an organized city militia of about 5,000 men,[12] to protect Nauvoo from outside violence.[11]. Smith took Wheelock's gun and gave Fullmer's gun to his brother Hyrum. After the attack was over, Richards, who was trained as a medical doctor, went back to see if anyone besides himself had survived, and he found Taylor lying on the floor. He authorized civil engineer William O. Taylor and Richards used a long walking stick in order to deflect the guns as they were thrust inside the room, from behind the door. From the information given above it can be seen that the death of Joseph Smith can in no way be compared to the death of Jesus. [4], Several of Smith's disaffected associates in Hancock County and the city of Nauvoo, Illinois, where Smith was mayor, joined together to publish a newspaper called the Nauvoo Expositor. Alvin’s Life and Death. Information from Joseph Smith—History, Teachings of Presidents of the Church: Joseph Smith,, and History of the Church. [23], The Carthage Greys reportedly feigned defense of the jail by firing shots or blanks over the attackers' heads, and some of the Greys even reportedly joined the mob, who rushed up the stairs. After emptying the pistol with which he tried to defend himself, Joseph was then shot several times while trying to escape from a second-story window, and fell from the window as he died. All hell, boil over! “Emily and Eliza Partridge, youthful daughters of deceased church bishop Edward Partridge, had been living in poverty after moving to Nauvoo in early 1840. Van Buren said he could do nothing to help. Six other associates accompanied the Smiths: John P. Greene, Stephen Markham, Dan Jones, John S. Fullmer, Dr. Southwick, and Lorenzo D. For more, check out The “Martyrdom” of Joseph Smith. Jesus did go like a "lamb to the slaughter," but Joseph Smith died like a raging lion. The act was carried out as ordered on June 10th. This Mormon argues that he was doing no such thing and that this was nothing more than a common expression of the day that made perfect sense since Smith was unarmed when he made the statement. Joseph Smith Murdock* April 30, 1831 – March 29, 1832 (age 10 months) *Adopted. He was quoted as saying, "I am going like a lamb to the slaughter; but I am calm as a summer's morning; I have a conscience void of offense towards God, and towards all men. The watch is displayed in the LDS Church History Museum in Salt Lake City, Utah; the watch was broken and was used to help identify the time of the attack. This too ended with the defendants being found not guilty. Lyon, "Physical Evidence at Carthage Jail and What It Reveals about the Assassinations of the Prophet Joseph Smith and Hyrum Smith," BYU Education Week, 16 August 2010. Its first and only issue was published June 7, 1844. [32] Additional reports said that thunder and lightning frightened off the mob. Again they were acquitted. I shall die innocent, and it shall yet be said of me. By the time of his death, 14 years later, he had attracted tens of thousands of followers and founded a religion that continues to the present with millions of global adherents. [42] The defense was led by Orville Hickman Browning, later a United States Senator and cabinet member.

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